Nutrition: note that we consider only the main common rules – ask for details your veterinary!
Diet: The right diet for Samoyed dog must include proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals and carbohydrates presented in the correct quantities and balances. The other very important component is water: both in winter and summer Samoyed dog must have access to fresh clean water at all times! Choosing the diet for your Samoyed dog – discuss this question with skilled veterinary! He will advice you the diet necessary exactly for your pet: low-calorie diet or high-energy diet, puppy diet or geriatric diet, may besomething special connected with health of particularly your Samoyed dog,he will also recommend you the type of food (dry food in bags or moist food in cans) and company doing this food. Sometimes owners cook the food for their pets themselves. For example we are cooking for our Samoyed dog – it is connected with her congenital gastritis. Such approach is a little bit more difficult for owners so far as we need to control ourselves that our dog has all
necessary components every day and suggest her porridge with beef (cereals are chosen in accordance with advices of our veterinary and taste of our Samoyed dog), raw fish, vegetables and vitamins every day.
Digression from the main topic. When the breeders sent us our Samoyed dog (puppy), they passed the paper with recommendations how to feed her (in the morning, daytime and evening), some dry food and vitamins. These recommendations included: cottage cheese, milk, raw meat, dry food and vitamins. Not bad set of proteins, fats and etc., but – as we were told later by veterinary – incongruous. Try not to use simultaneously dry food and commonfood! May be even this fact played the important role in development of gastritis. So, don’t forget to consult with experienced veterinary even if you buy your Samoyed puppy from very good breeder!
Routine of feeding: If possible offer your Samoyed dog two or three small feedings spread throughout the day – it’s better then feed the dog once a day. Try to do it at the same times in the same place every day. The other variant is “free feeding” when Samoyed dog eats naturally in response to the genuine biological demands of the body – in this case you simply ensure that there is food in its dish at all times. Note that not all dogs can understand such approach (especially if they had to compete with other dogs at mealtimes) – be wise choosing the schedule!
Warning! Say “NO” to:
- Chocolate – toxic for dogs.
- Alcohol – kill dogs.
- Small brittle bones (such as from poultry or pork) – which can lodge
in the throat or digestive track.
- Raw eggs and meat – if you are not sure that it is safe from salmonella
Grooming: As you already found out stroking your Samoyed dog, its coat consists on one level of a soft fluffy undercoat that lies close to the skin and upper longer hairs (repeling the ice and snow) on the second level. When Samoyed dog coat “blows”, once or twice a year (before summer and winter), it is primarily undercoat that is shed, leaving fluffy snowballs everywhere. Wonderful coat saving the warmth even in Arctic winter brings many problems during hot summer days. Some owners try to help their pets to stay summer hot weather by shaving or clippering its hair. But we don’t recommend doing this! Intelligent Samoyed dog forced to face the world without its crowning glory knows that such condition is wrong and suffers!
Note that you need to brush your Samoyed dog at least once a week! Unfortunately the main reason for passing a Samoyed dog from a family to a rescue center is particulary the necessity to brush it on a routine basis. Think about it twice before inviting Samoyed dog to your family!
Tenets for Samoyed dog grooming at home:The earlier a Samoyed dog is teached to stay grooming the easier it will be in future. Grooming is not painful but it demands the Samoyed dog to remain lying on one side for 20 minutes then on the other side for 20 minutes not saying about being stilled while grooming its tail and sensative areas around its groin and haunches and remaining even more still during clipping the nails! For fun-loving Samoyed dog nature it’s very difficult to realize! So try to introduce the dog to these experiences at an ealy age and keep the sessions short and highlighted by treats! Note that every part of Samoyed dog coat must be brushed and combed at least once a week and preferably more often! You may do it in one session or divide your dog’s body into sections ans concentrate on one section each or every other day. Remember that brushing and combing is very important for the health of your Samoyed dog: it distributes the oils in the coat and skin; it removes dead hair that causes hot spots and other skin problems; it prevents the mats to which the Samoyed dog coat is so prone. Be thorough brushing your Samoyed dog – simple gliding the brush over the top layer of hair and ignoring the brushing needs of undercoat will bring no benefit to the dog. If you can’t do it then get your Samoyed dog to the professional groomer.
Proper technique: Brush your Samoyed dog first against the grain of the hair – remove dead and loose clumps of undercoat hiding beneath the guard hairs, then reverse the direction and brush the guard hairs back with the direction of their growth. Pay attention to the area behind the ears around tail, the groin, under elbows – the main places of mat formation. If you can’t brush or comb out found mats feel free to cut out them!
From our own experience: In spring and summer we need to brush our Samoyed dog after very walk (approximately 3 times every day!) so far as during these seasons ticks are very angerous (their sting may do serious harm to the health of both a human and a dog) and we need to be sure that there are no ticks on our Samoyed dog hair (nevetherless she always wear the ticks preventing collar). And in the end of summer and autumn we suffer from burdock’s (agrimony’s) burrs! No other mats on Samoyed dog hair can compare with mats around such burrs!
Bathing: Samoyed dog coat needs bathing only occasionally – not more then once in 3 monthes (or more rarely) – Samoyed dog coat has some special ability to self-leaning. Pay special attention to the areas around eyes and ears – never pemit soap, shampoo and water to reach these areas! Dry your Samoyed dog after bathing with clean towels from head to foot. Complete drying can take an entire day, so make sure the Samoyed dog remains in warm place where it is safe from catching a chill! This process can be accelerated by using warm (hot) blow dryer. Don’t forget to brush Samoyed your dog from time to time during this “drying” day.
Healthy lifestyle: I’d like to repeat it again and again – Samoyed dog needs your company (needs to feel itsef the full member of your family and feel that you are the members of its family!) Samoyed dog needs to spend many time outdoors: running, jumping, playing, training. Take your Samoyed dog with you when you go to country, to suburb, to forest, to mountains, etc. Always remember: Samoyed dog is the working dog and consequently it needs daily exercises. Certainly, you always need to keep in mind – how trained and how old is your dog – and never try to make it do more then it can!Train your Samoyed dog every day increasing the work by degrees very slightly. Even if you don’t have enought time for training your dog – let it run and play without the lead! (I’m sure you’ll do it in safe place – without cars and aggresive dogs of the other breeds.)